Depression is one of the most prevalent and debilitating of the psychiatric disorders studies have shown that cognitive therapy is as efficacious as antidepressant medications at treating depression, and it seems to reduce the risk of relapse even after its discontinuation. The cognitive symptoms of depression tend to receive less attention than other symptoms of this difficult illness namely, symptoms such as sinking mood, fatigue and loss of interest garner more recognition. Cognitive behavioral theorists suggest that depression results from distorted thoughts and judgments these can be learned socially as is the case when children in a dysfunctional family watch their parents fail to successfully cope with stressful experiences or traumatic events. The cognitive triad are three forms of negative (ie helpless and critical) thinking that are typical of individuals with depression: namely negative thoughts about the self, the world and the future these thoughts tended to be automatic in depressed people as they occurred spontaneously.
This essay will explore the similarities and differences between the biological and psychological explanations of depression, specifically looking at neurotransmitter dysfunction (biochemical factors), genetic factors (twin/adoption studies), beck's theory of depression (cognitive explanations), freud's theory (psychodynamic explanation) and life events (socio-cultural factors. Although the biological explanations of depression have received more research support, the psychological explanations have also been significant it is likely that, the biological factors cause the development of depression, while the psychological factors maintain the disorder. Psychological theories of depression saul mcleod , published 2015 depression is a mood disorder which prevents individuals from leading a normal life, at work socially or within their family.
The three main theories: biological, cognitive and behavioral theories, are however the main causatives of depression therefore, while treating a case of depressive illness, it is important to analyze these three factors, in order to carry out an effective and successful treatment. From the biological perspective, evidence shows that there is a link between genetics and a chemical imbalance in the brain to depression from the cognitive-behavioral perspective, it is shown that learned helplessness and environmental factors contribute to depression. The myth of biological depression by lawrence stevens, jd unhappiness or depression alleged to be the result of biological abnormality is called biological or endogenous or clinical depression. The cognitive symptoms of depression tend to receive less attention than other symptoms of this difficult illness namely, symptoms such as sinking mood, yet cognitive symptoms are quite common are actually significantly prominent in depression, said deborah serani, psyd, a clinical psychologist and author of the book living with depression.
Endogenous depression comes from the latin background “from within” and comes from an internal cognitive or biological factor for example, a family history of depression for example, a family history of depression. Studies have shown that cognitive therapy is as efficacious as antidepressant medications at treating depression, and it seems to reduce the risk of relapse even after its discontinuation cognitive therapy and antidepressant medication probably engage some similar neural mechanisms, as well as mechanisms that are distinctive to each.
Cognitive behavioral therapy for depression is usually significantly shorter than traditional talk therapy, lasting only 12-20 session, and significantly more effective click here for more information about cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive and biological psychology cognitive psychology is a wide-reaching area of psychology, closely aligned with biological psychology and neuroscience, which focuses on the scientific study of thinking, behaviour and performance. Cognitive vs biological depression one biological explanation for unipolar depression is the monoamine hypothesis the monoamines are a group of neurotransmitters which include serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine you will recognise the latter, dopamine, from the biological offering of an explanation for schizophrenia the monoamines are believed to regulate mood.
Numerous recent studies have shed light on some of the biological factors that make someone predisposed to becoming depressed but not everyone with these genetic markers have depression below is a partial list of potential behavioral causes of depression, paired with their behavioral solutions cognitive behavioral therapy for. Depression may develop when a biological predisposition to depression is activated by an event this predisposition is activated when one experiences a major life event (or a sequence of more minor negative life events) and/or develops a negative cognitive pattern of evaluating oneself and one's life events.
The cognitive-behavioral causes of depression when researching the causes of depression, you will find that there are opposing viewpoints as to what exactly the onset of depression actually is from a biological perspective, there’s evidence of a genetic link that creates a chemical imbalance in the brain. Depression - comparing treatments [biological, behavioural and cognitive] depression is an affective (mood) disorder which affects approximately one in 5 older people, and thus being able to treat depression is obviously very important. Most people experiencing depression will profit from participating in cognitive behavioral therapy that is widely available from mental health professionals some severe depressions, especially those involving severe biological symptoms, may require antidepressant medications. Cognitive vs biological depression one biological explanation for unipolar depression is the monoamine hypothesis the monoamines are a group of neurotransmitters which include serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine.
Aaron beck's cognitive theory of depression different cognitive behavioral theorists have developed their own unique twist on the cognitive way of thinking according to dr aaron beck, negative thoughts, generated by dysfunctional beliefs, are typically the primary cause of depressive symptoms. Depression is a mood disorder which prevents individuals from leading a normal life, at work socially or within their family seligman (1973) referred to depression as the ‘common cold’ of psychiatry because of its frequency of diagnosis. Psychological theories of depression freud (1917) prosed that many cases of depression were due to biological factors however, freud also argued that some cases of depression could be linked to loss or rejection by a parent beck (1967) identified three mechanisms that he thought were responsible for depression: the cognitive triad.