The anti-apartheid struggle in south africa (1912-1992) february 25, 2016 by david reinbold download pdf version using mostly legal tactics of protest during its first four decades, the anc became more militant in the early 1950s and began using nonviolent direct action by the early 1980s, anti-apartheid forces were virtually united.
Tricameral parliament in the early 1980s, botha's national party government started to recognise the inevitability of the need to reform apartheid early reforms were driven by a combination of internal violence, international condemnation, changes within the national party's constituency, and changing demographics — whites constituted only.
During the 1970s and 1980s, internal resistance to apartheid became increasingly militant, prompting brutal crackdowns by the national party government and protracted sectarian violence that left thousands dead or in detention.
Many anti-apartheid activists saw ‘coloured’ in the 1980s as a false term invented by the state to divide black south africans, and was only referred to in inverted commas attempts to co-opt coloured voters under the tricameral constitution in 1983 were rejected by many. During the 1980s, the apartheid government came under increasing internal pressure the national party attempted a political solution to the crisis it faced by creating the cosmetic tricameral parliament this system of governance tampered with, but did not challenge apartheid the reforms had the opposite affect to what the apartheid regime intended.
From apartheid to democracy total strategy • strengthening the army ‘total strategy’ – reform • labour – workers unite • a permanent urban african population • creating a new african middle class • the tricameral parliament • the formation of the united democratic front – political posters total strategy. The national party clung to grand apartheid until the 1990s, whereas they abandoned petty apartheid during the 1980s the homeland system main article: tricameral parliament in the early 1980s, botha's national party government started to recognise the inevitability of the need to reform apartheid [104.
In light of the apartheid regime’s military superiority, by the early 1980s, anti-apartheid forces were virtually united around a nonviolent resistance that could achieve maximum participation among nonwhites, divide the white community and move some toward acting on behalf of non-whites, and bring international pressures to bear on the government (sharp 1980: 163.